Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Technique Check: Am I doing this right? (Technique points for low stress jugular blood draw)

As I am leading handling labs in Low Stress Handling, I have come to realize the tremendous impact hands-on learning has to actually feeling confident using Low Stress handling techniques. This type of learning is also called tactile learning – because you literally feel the process of what you are learning. When I think about providing health care to animals, it is primarily based on touch. One must touch an animal to lead them to an exam area, to listen to their heart, examine their skin, look in their mouth, and more. For many of us, touching the fur, feathers, or scales of an animal is very calming to ourselves. This is part of what attracts us to veterinary practice, shelter care, or training. Through Low Stress Handling, we can now be more aware of how we provide a calming effect through our touch to any animal. The knowledge of an animal’s body language, past and new memory, physical and emotional health lays the foundation for delivering low stress care. The next step is actually handling the animal using this knowledge.

That is where the handling labs come in – the opportunity to actually try out the knowledge you have gained from seminars, webinars, and certification programs. As I am leading these labs for various groups, I am realizing some important elements to have in place for a good learning experience. This list is based on my experience training faculty who are certified in Low Stress Handling; staff at a large shelter who, while not certified, have been using the skills; and general veterinary staff who are starting to learn to use these techniques. While this is a diverse range of students, there are some common needs in learning to feel confident to use these skills.

Students need a coach who actually uses these handling techniques, and directly observes the student for hand placement, body position, and approach. The coach needs to think of ways to adapt these techniques based on the animal’s body or the handler. In leading a session, I found it helpful to remind the students of the anatomical points of placement for head holds, cowl holds, blood draws, or positioning from standing to lateral and having them compare by touching these points on their own body. That small step helped them recognize how important bony points are in handling and not holding against soft tissue. This improved their confidence immediately. As I would see the “gaposis,” as I call it – arms splayed out alongside a cat in a towel wrap where the cat might wriggle free – then move the handlers arms in and remind them to close the gap – BINGO! They understood how the body placement of both the handler and animal mattered. I use the Low Stress Handling, Restraint, and Behavior Modification of Dogs & Cats book by Dr. Sophia Yin as my guide, as well as some of the instructional DVD’s from CattleDog Publishing. With these resources at everyone’s side, they too can quickly look up a point for review and use these resources at home.

Stuffed Animals – Fun support from peers. Laughing is part of handling labs.

When you have a stuffed animal you have the security of knowing if you mess up it won’t hurt anyone. You have peers who are also practicing technique first on the stuffies then moving onto real animals. The group collaborates, sharing how the holds and body placement feels and what they find works in their situation. It is safe to make mistakes and even the most skillful will share what they find difficult. With the live animal in this practice environment, the stress is off if you miss the vein on a blood draw, or the animal is escalating and you are not recognizing it. Certified coaches will kindly point out an alternative approach for the second try. Often, here is where fellow students will share the stories of animal stress escalation that they did not see or appreciate. Now the student can see how a small change in the handler’s hold, the animal decreases it’s stress.  The coach can immediately point out the touch or noise that just happened that stressed the animal and which caused the escalation of fear.  Having someone point these things out at the moment and experiencing the improvement in the animal with small changes in holds, or adding a higher valued reward solidifies learning. I love these moments because it is like we are all on even ground learning in the moment.

Figuring out a less stressful way to check for spay scars.

Special situations – Not every practice, shelter, or animal care setting is the same. Often, we discuss ways to organize space or manage an animal holding area to decrease stress. With each presentation, I have found more and more ways to help animal care providers create a less stressful handling situation based on the behavior knowledge that is the foundation of Low Stress Handling. It is when the students are sharing ideas and stories that solutions are thought of and tried out. Staying in contact with these students to hear how the ideas work out is what continues development of more Low Stress Handling techniques.

I will be leading a handling lab at the Illinois State Veterinary Medical Convention in Lombard, IL on November 3, 2017. The lab is full, but I am working on dates for handling labs in 2018. Below I have a survey I would like for you to fill out. There is an opportunity for me to develop a place to have handling labs in an actual practice setting. We would have lectures, practice animals in exam rooms, treatment areas, and run areas just like a practice. The point of a space like this would be to learn in a space that is close to where you actually have to do these skills – in a practice.

2018 Handling Labs – Survey (ends December 31, 2017)

Video Resource:

Learn how to control the waiting area and keep it low stress for patients and clients:

Further Reading:

  • Low Stress Handling University – Official Launch
  • Finding a Place for Low Stress Handling Within College Curriculums: Part 1
  • Finding a Place for Low Stress Handling Within College Curriculums: Part 2
  • What is the Low Stress Handling Certification

Leave a Reply